Studies in Agricultural Economics volume 120 number 1 pages 1-60 can now be accessed and downloaded free of charge from the AgEconSearch repository. This is a thematic issue on the topic of Innovation and Cooperation in Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Rural Regions, published in cooperation with the European Rural Development Network (www.erdn.eu).
Applying a social-ecological approach to enhancing provision of public goods through agriculture and forestry activities across the European Union
Thilo NIGMANN, Thomas DAX and Gerhard HOVORKA
Former political borders and their impact on the evolution of the present-day spatial structure of agriculture in Poland
Roman RUDNICKI, Aleksandra JEZIERSKA-THÖLE, Łukasz WIŚNIEWSKI, Jörg JANZEN and Leszek KOZŁOWSKI
CommunalAudit, a guide for municipalities in Austria to foster inclusive and sustainable development
Design and implementation of the Local Development Strategy: a case study of Polish and Italian Local Action Groups in 2007-2013
Paweł CHMIELIŃSKI, Nicola FACCILONGO, Mariantonietta FIORE and Piermichele LA SALA
The role of product-related information and factors impacting consumer attitudes during health-conscious food purchase in Hungary
SOÓS Gabriella and BIACS Péter Ákos
Impacts of climate on technical efficiency in the Hungarian arable sector
VÍGH Enikő, FERTŐ Imre and FOGARASI József
Precision agriculture in Hungary: assessment of perceptions and accounting records of FADN arable farms
TAKÁCSNÉ GYÖRGY Katalin, LÁMFALUSI Ibolya, MOLNÁR András, SULYOK Dénes, GAÁL Márta, KEMÉNYNÉ HORVÁTH Zsuzsanna, DOMÁN Csaba, ILLÉS Ivett, KISS Andrea and PÉTER Krisztina
Efficiency of Polish organic and conventional farms
Agnieszka BAER-NAWROCKA and Justyna BŁOCISZ
Front and back matter
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In the frame of the EU H2020 research project PEGASUS, Nigmann, Dax and Hovorka explain the manifold interrelations services and functions of land use and land management, based on the empirical findings of twelve case study areas from across the EU. The Common Agricultural Policy has a core role for provision of ecosystem services beside other EU and national policies.
Owing to the nature of its history, Poland includes historical borderlines that separated diametrically-opposite agricultural systems. The impact of this historical factor was shown by Rudnicki, Jezierska-Thöle, Wiśniewski, Janzen and Kozłowski to be evident even today, especially in the territories further away from that borderline, particularly for features associated with agrarian structure, rural socio-demography, and productivity and profitability of agricultural holdings. Monitoring and evaluation is crucial to enhance the sustainable development of municipalities in an inclusive and sustainable way, in terms of their long-term intention of greater attractiveness, competitiveness and sense of identity.
CommunalAudit is a tool developed in Austria for achieving this development. Quendler sets out the relevant definitions and concepts of this tool and discusses its implementation, benefits and drawbacks, and further evolution.
The Leader approach is now well established across the EU. Chmieliński, Faccilongo, Fiore and La Sala show that their case-study Local Action Groups in Poland and Italy were generally working effectively. However, excessive institutionalisation (transfer of the proposal evaluation role away from the LAG in Poland, and excessive formalisation of the application rules in Italy) could be the major constraint to effective programme implementation.
In the context of the increasing interest in functional foods in Hungary, four consumer segments were identified by Soós and Biacs, and characterised according to sociodemographic, behavioural and attitude variables. Familiarity with the term ‘functional food’ is still limited, and consumers’ demand for information to justify food purchase decisions varies according to their level of knowledge, involvement, personal attitudes and socio-demographic indicators.
The remaining three papers cover aspects of agricultural innovation and sustainability. Using different methodological approaches, Vígh, Fertő and Fogarasi sought to determine the climate factors which may influence the technical efficiency of Hungarian arable farms. Their results show that the processes resulting from climate change are determining factors in the evaluation of the adapted sectoral patterns and market conditions.
Precision agriculture technologies have been recognised as one of the rare win-win solutions for environmental and socio-economic goals. Data analysis and survey work conducted by Takácsné György and colleagues confirm that precision farming leads to increasing yields and has profitability benefits compared to conventional farming. The high investment cost is the main barrier to diffusion, while subsidies and more appropriate information could foster it.
Finally, Baer-Nawrocka and Blocisz compare the efficiency of Polish organic and conventional farms. In terms of efficiency criteria only, the organic farms show significant disadvantages in land and labour efficiency which should be considered when formulating agricultural policy objectives and conceptualising measures. Rather than competing with each other, the concepts should be seen as complementary.
ERDN seeks to advance international scientific cooperation in rural development and agriculture, as well as to share and promote scientific experiences and achievements in order to support policy makers and stakeholders. We, the joint Editors, hope that this thematic issue of the journal contributes to the further development of these objectives.”
Wien, March 2018